This is an injury to the surface of the eyeball, which may vary in size from pin point to extensive. The condition is very painful, and can lead to serious consequences, including loss of the eye, and it is important to give the medication supplied as instructed and return for follow ups as required.
The cause is often unknown. Sometimes ulcers are due to trauma or irritants such as shampoos. They can also be due to irritation from the patient’s own facial or eyelid hairs. A specific form of ulcer exists termed ‘indolent ulceration’ or ‘Boxer ulcer’ which is due to an underlying corneal defect.
The treatment depends on the underlying cause. Simple ulcers are treated with antibiotic and analgesic eye drops. Drops should be applied directly onto the eyeball and not on the eyelids. It is important to apply the antibiotic drop as instructed. The drop may need to be applied as often as every 2 hours.
If there is an underlying cause, such as eyelid hairs or facial hairs that are rubbing against the eye, your pet may need a surgery procedure to remove these hairs.
In the case of ‘indolent ulcers’ the vet may need to admit your pet for a procedure known as a striate keratectomy. This involves removing dead tissue from the cornea and creating many fine, superficial criss-cross incisions in the cornea. This promotes rapid healing. The vet may place a contact lens on the cornea after this procedure to protect the cornea.
Regular check-ups are essential to ensure treatment success
and prevent devastating consequences. If you are unable to
apply the medication it is vital that you contact your vet to