‘DRY EYE’ (KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS SICCA)

glassesHas your dog been diagnosed with ‘dry eye’ or KCS? KCS is a condition in which there is inadequate tear production in one or both eyes. The most common cause is attack of the immune system on the lacrimal gland, the gland that produces tears. The reason for this is unknown. In rare cases it may be due to a problem with the nerve that supplies the gland.
The vet has diagnosed the problem by using the Schirmer Tear Test, a test that measures tear production. This test will be used to monitor the response to treatment and to guide therapy. Continue reading

Information on Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD)

Has your cat been diagnosed with Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD)? This is a common condition in cats that may be brought on by stress and dlargeiet. Crystals in the urine may cause severe irritation to the bladder and may even form stones, some of which may need to be surgically removed. Cats may show painful urination, blood in their urine, urinating in inappropriate places in the household or increased frequency of urination. Cats that show frequent attempts to urinate and do not pass urine may have a bladder or urethral stone. Such cats will need to have a catheter passed to ensure urine can be voided. This is an emergency procedure as any delay may have detrimental effects on the kidneys and well the body as a whole. Continue reading

Information on Rodenticide (Rat Poison) poisoning

Ingestion of rat poison by pets, most commopaknly dogs, may happen if the rat poison is not stored correctly. The rat poison will thin the animals blood so that it does not clot leading to the pet being prone to bleeding. This is especially dangerous when bleeding occurs into the lungs, brain or around the heart. It may also be fatal if large volumes of blood are lost. Continue reading

Pregnancy in dogs – Part two

After birth, the bitch will mom and pupsrelax, and care for the puppies. Only in isolated cases will puppies neglect or mutilate their puppies. She will probably have a green/brown/mucoid vulvar discharge, which may be bloody as well. The discharge may persist for up to 6 weeks. It is important to ensure that the discharge decreases from day to day, does not smell bad and does not look pussy. Contact your vet if concerned. Continue reading

Has your dog been diagnosed with Demodectic mange?

This is a skin disease that is causedog itchd by a mite, Demodex canis. This mite is found on all dog’s skin, but may overgrow in puppies. Demodectic mange in older dogs often signals an underlying immunosuppressive condition.

The disease causes the hair to fall out in patches. Sometimes, secondary infections occur, leading to pimples and itching. The vet will have diagnosed the condition by looking at a skin scrape, or in some cases of deep infection, a skin biopsy. Continue reading